Microencapsulation is a process in which tiny particles or droplets are surrounded by a coating to give small capsules, of many useful properties.
In general, it is used to incorporate food ingredients, enzymes, cells, or other materials on a micrometric scale. Microencapsulation can also be used to enclose solids, liquids, or gases inside a micrometric wall made of hard or soft soluble film, to reduce dosing frequency and prevent the degradation of bioactive components.
With the encapsulation of bee venom (Apitoxin), it is possible to protect the Apitoxin from outer effects for example (high temperature, humidity, UV/VIS, etc.) but also at the same time it is possible to tune the releasing of Apitoxin in a certain fraction in certain time periods.
Prepared microcapsules could be applied by spraying or they could be put on the surface or solvent/cream. The size of microcapsules that could be put inside the cream is around 180 micrometers.